Hay algunos problemas con la computadora. Then you can flip between a positive and negative version of the sentence by simply adding a ‘no’ as follows: English: I like cheese.Español: Me gusta el queso. After the first two negative pairs, the remaining pairs tend to be more nuanced and difficult to translate. Assess the student's knowledge of Spanish Negative and Indefinite Words. English: Rocío, Alex, and Luis don’t want to go to the park.English: Neither Rocío nor Alex nor Luis want to go to the park.Español: Ni Rocío ni Alex ni Luis quieren ir al parque. He doesn’t want to speak to anybody ever. Do not give anyone a blank check. Comprendo perfectamente. Next, when you want to say there isn’t anybody, or there is no one (or nobody), then the Spanish sentence needs look as follows: English: There is nobody here.English: There isn’t anybody here.Español: No hay nadie aquí. answers the "yes/no" question and the Un vaso con agua is ok, but the best way to say it is un vaso de agua. Note that with negative sentences, there are two options in English for one in Spanish. Gracias! Understanding Negative Words. In everyday conversations we always use the following negative words: nada - nothing, anything. English: No, I don’t like cheese.Español: No, no me gusta el queso. English: Someday, I’m going to move to Spain.Español: Algún día, me voy a mudar a España. Despite this sounding strange to an English natives ear, it is perfectly natural in Spanish. I mentioned earlier that you must use alguno and ninguno with count nouns—chairs, pens, or mobile phones. That’s what I mean when I say “double negatives” don’t work in English but they are required in Spanish. If it sounds strange to say “There are 2 and ½ people here” or “I have 1 and ½ questions”, then you have a count noun, and you can use alguno and ninguno with the noun. You can listen to this podcast to learn more about the preposition ‘a‘. alguien (somebody), algo (something), alguna (some).Many indefinite are quantifies expressing greater or lesser degrees of imprecision, such as bastante (enough) or varios (several). But, if you run into a mass noun, you can no longer use alguno or ninguno. Negative and indefinite words can be adjectives, pronouns, or adverbs. This doesn’t sound right in English. nadie - no one, nobody. In contrast, if the sentence involves one of the words in the previous sentence, such as: Then now the translation get’s a little more challenging. Moreover, if someone asks you a question, and your response is negative you’ll need to use the word ‘no’ twice. Hola Arianna, yes, you’re right, I could have explained that better! See if you can match them to the negative words above. Once you have absorbed the idea that double negatives are perfectly fine in Spanish, the negative pair of alguien (someone) and nadie (nobody / no one) is probably the next easiest pair to translate between English and Spanish. These include things like: bread, cheese, milk, water, or money. So, my challenge to you is to ask yourself this question: “How can I remember this?”. Again, when you ask a question it is positive: English: Did you say something?Español: ¿Has dicho algo? English: I prefer paella without seafood.Español: Prefiero paella sin marisco. You say ‘more milk’ or ‘less milk’, or ‘some milk’. The use of multiple negative words Unlike English, in Spanish once a sentence is negative, all other indefinite words are negative. But, first let’s start with siempre and nunca. The reason you say ‘ningunas’ in plural in this example is to match ‘ganas’ in the expression ‘tener ganas de’, where ‘ganas‘ is always in plural form. English: Alba always studies at night.Español: Alba estudia siempre por la noche. Spanish is virtually unlimited in the number of negative words that can be used in one sentence. English: There is someone over there that can help you.Español: Hay alguien por ahí que te puede ayudar. English: He doesn’t want to speak with anybody.English: He wants to speak with no one.Español: Él no quiere hablar con nadie. English: There is some bread on the table.Español: Hay algo de pan en la mesa. Notice, in the last example, the first part of the sentence starts in the negative but finishes with the positive case. expected to have a double negative in English: I don’t have any.English: I have none.Español: No tengo nada. If you need to use ‘something’, ‘somebody’, ‘some’, ‘any’, ‘always’, or ‘also’ in a Spanish sentence or the negative equivalent, you’ll need work with one of the below Spanish negative pairs. English: I haven’t got anything in my hand.English: I’ve got nothing in my hand.Español: No tengo nada en la mano. English: No, I haven’t seen anybody.English: No, I have seen no one.Español: No, no he visto a nadie. If so, sign up for access to The Definitive Guide to Conversation Hacking in Spanish. (quiere) At least in correct English, the idea is that neither ONE wants to go. The most salient is that negatives do not cancel each other. I am confused. Resources for Learning Spanish Free resources to help you enjoy learning Spanish quickly. If you are also interested in the topic, you should say: Here you need ‘a mi‘ because the construction of sentences with verbs like gustar calls for it. have many parallels in English, but there are some important differences. Note the two options in English. Here, although this sounds strange to an English native, the nada is still the subject of the sentence but because it comes later in the sentence you need the ‘no’ to make the verb negative. Read the explanations and the example sentences carefully to be ready to complete the exercises below to practice and to test yourself. In Spanish it is perfectly normal to say something like: "I don't want nothing neither". Now for the situation where you use a verb like gustar. So when you agree with the idea, you keep the ‘a mi‘ and swap out the rest of the sentence for también: English: It interests me too.Español: A mi me interesa también.
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