You will need to follow a low-sodium diet if you have high blood pressure, kidney disease, or heart failure. Large … Regulatory agencies recommend that people with mild heart failure limit their sodium intake to 3,000 mg per day while those with moderate to severe heart failure should reduce their intake no more than 2,000 mg daily (13). You may also need to follow this diet if you have a condition that is causing your body to retain (hold) extra fluid. Because this mineral is vital to life, your kidneys tightly regulate its levels based on the concentration (osmolarity) of bodily fluids (2). You may need to limit the amount of sodium you eat in a day to 1,500 to 2,000 mg. Bread, roll, pita, tortilla, or unsalted crackers. Meal prepping can save time, reduce portion size and help you reach your nutrition goals, but the concept can be daunting for beginners. Snack on unsalted nuts sprinkled with a mix of herbs. Major health organizations, such as The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, recommend that adults consume no more than 2,300 mg of salt per day and higher-risk groups, such as African Americans and older adults, no more than 1,500 mg (20). While avoiding high-sodium, unhealthy foods like fast food is always best for your health, it’s unnecessary for most healthy people to restrict sodium when following a balanced diet rich in whole foods. You will need to follow a low-sodium diet if you have high blood pressure, kidney disease, or heart failure. Make homemade soup flavored with garlic and ginger. Available for Android and iOS devices. A study in 833 people with heart failure demonstrated that restricting sodium to less than 2,500 mg per day was associated with a significantly higher risk of death or hospitalization, compared to a non-restricted-sodium diet (21). Plant-based foods like fresh produce generally have less sodium than animal-based foods, such as meat and dairy products. 30 Foods High in Sodium and What to Eat Instead, Types of Salt: Himalayan vs Kosher vs Regular vs Sea Salt, 6 Little-Known Dangers of Restricting Sodium Too Much, The 20 Best Foods for People with Kidney Disease, Low-Sodium Frozen Meals: 9 Healthy Microwave Meals, Is Bacon Bad for You, or Good? Many studies have shown that reducing salt intake may help decrease high blood pressure in people with elevated levels. Choose foods that have less than 5% of the DV of sodium. Sodium is most concentrated in processed and packaged foods like chips, frozen dinners and fast food where salt is added during processing to enhance flavor. For example, though sodium restriction is commonly used to treat heart failure, some studies have shown that reducing sodium can have a negative impact on patient health. Top 15 Low Sodium Foods. Some food labels may also list any of the following terms that tell you about the sodium content in the food: Salty foods are high in sodium. Low-sodium recipes from the nutrition experts at Mayo Clinic. Ready-to-eat cereals with less than 5% DV of sodium (examples include shredded wheat and puffed rice), Unsalted fresh, frozen, or canned vegetables, Hard cheese, such as cheddar, Swiss, Monterey jack, or mozzarella. The best low-sodium foods are natural, whole foods: vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and grains. Fast food, packaged items and frozen meals are not only loaded with salt but also tend to be high in unhealthy fats and calories. This fluid can collect where it shouldn’t: in your hands, legs, ankles, belly, and lungs. Many foods that do not taste salty may still be high in sodium. Try these 10 healthy options. Here are 30 foods that tend to be high in sodium — and what to eat instead. If you follow a low-sodium diet, choose fresh and avoid salty foods. Research has shown that high-salt diets can damage the mucosal lining of your stomach and increase inflammation and the growth of H. Pylori bacteria — all of which may raise stomach cancer risk (17). Here are 6 reasons why restricting sodium too much can be harmful. A low-sodium diet limits foods that are high in sodium (salt). If you follow a low-sodium diet, seasoning foods and making meals palatable can be challenging. Other studies have shown similar results (22, 23). As stated above, a low-sodium diet may help decrease blood pressure. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. On the other hand, a diet low in high-sodium processed foods and rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of stomach cancer (18). Low Sodium Diet Sodium is another word for salt. Here are some tips for food prep and cooking on a low-sodium diet: According to research, foods eaten outside of the home are the leading contributor to sodium intake. The amount of sodium is listed in milligrams (mg). Kidney disease, such as chronic kidney disease (CKD) or kidney failure, negatively impacts kidney function. You may also need to follow this diet if you have a condition that is causing your body to retain (hold) extra fluid. Eating more meals at home will not only reduce your sodium intake but can also help you lose weight. What’s more, research has noted that consuming too little sodium can negatively impact heart health. Not all frozen meals are created equal. Read food labels to find the amount of sodium they contain. However, while many studies have shown that low-sodium diets benefit those with heart failure, others have noted that non-restrictive diets lead to better outcomes. This article explains the importance of sodium, potential risks of over- or underconsumption…. The following foods are low in sodium and safe to eat on a low-sodium diet: Foods like fresh vegetables, fruits, most dairy products, eggs and unsalted nuts are naturally low in sodium. Low-sodium diets may improve high blood pressure, chronic kidney disease and overall diet quality. Sodium is an important mineral that performs many essential functions in your body. However, some people have raised concerns over potentially harmful compounds. A study in more than 11,000 adults found that those who cooked meals at home more frequently had lower body fat and better overall diet quality than people who ate fewer meals at home (29). For a food to be considered low in sodium, it should contain between 35 and 140 milligrams of sodium. Cooking more meals at home is another great way to control your salt intake, allowing you to stay within your physician’s recommendation. This article explains why a low-sodium diet is necessary for some people and reviews benefits, risks and foods to avoid and eat. One of the best ways to reduce the amount of sodium in your diet is to control what goes into your food by cooking at home. A study in 450 adults from different geographic areas found that commercial and restaurant foods eaten outside of the home accounted for 70.9% of total sodium intake (28). However, there are many easy ways to make your food delicious while avoiding salt. Select one or more newsletters to continue. The Salty, Crunchy Truth. Following a low-sodium diet may decrease blood pressure, lower your risk of stomach cancer and improve diet quality. When following a low-sodium diet, foods high in sodium must be limited or completely avoided to keep your sodium intake under the recommended level. Prepare homemade hummus using dried chickpeas and flavor it with. A review of 34 studies demonstrated that a modest reduction in salt intake for four or more weeks led to significant reductions in blood pressure in people with both high and normal levels (15). Most people love bacon. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This is about 20 times as much as the body needs. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Yet, too little sodium may have negative health effects, and this type of diet is unnecessary for most people. For example, a study in 833 people with heart failure found that a sodium-restricted diet with less than 2,500 mg per day was associated with a significantly higher risk of death or hospitalization than unrestricted-sodium diets with 2,500 mg or more per day (14). A review of six studies in more than 3,000 people showed that salt restriction lowered blood pressure in adults — with the strongest impact observed in those with high blood pressure (10). Different foods can affect the function of your kidneys. Last updated on Nov 16, 2020. When your heart is compromised, kidney function declines, which can lead to sodium and water retention (12). Using fresh herbs, spices and citrus to flavor food and cooking more meals at home are helpful tips if you’re following a low-sodium diet. Find out everything you need to know about weight loss drugs in our prescription weight loss pill guide. When your kidneys are compromised, they’re unable to effectively remove excess sodium or fluid from your body. Eating too much salt could cause fluid overload in people with heart failure and lead to dangerous complications, such as shortness of breath. Many meals have more sodium and fat than you should eat in the entire day.

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