Caliban's condition -- as monster, human, native, and displaced inheritor of the island -- garners regular attention in a world increasingly interested in post-colonial theory and its implications past and… By Miranda Garno Nesler Previous work on Performing Humanity has explored the (in)human condition of Caliban, Sycorax's enslaved son in Shakespeare's The Tempest (c. 1611). In the plays Ariel was played by both males and females. Ariel. The suggestion of likeness in difference is especially noticeable in the case of the two strange servants of Prospero, Caliban and Ariel, one an airy sprite, the other an earthy monster. While Caliban is openly in revolt against Prospero, Ariel demands his freedom throughout the play and it gets delayed to the very end until Prospero, with no use anymore, abandons his magical power forever. Ariel's gender has been the subject of much debate; it is now generally assumed that the spirit's gender is so unimportant to his role in the play that Ariel can be played by either a man or a woman. Also Prospero never refered Ariel to be a male or female. From The Tempest.Ed. Ariel in the Tempest has never been given a gender. Henry Norman Hudson. Ariel is a nature spirit and a shapeshifting air elemental who acted as a servant to the Algerian witch Sycorax and later to the wizard Prospero when he got stranded on a magical uncharted island. Nowhere in Shakespeare's plays are two more sharply contrasted characters than Ariel and Caliban. Ariel is a spirit, and Ariel’s lack of a distinct gender suggests that gender identity is unimportant in this magic realm. While he's been referred to by male pronouns, Ariel's actual gender remains ambiguous and he's variously been portrayed as female, genderless or androgynous. THE TEMPEST: PARALLELISM IN CHARACTERS AND SITUATIONS Conspicuous in The Tempest of Shakespeare is the use of similar and yet contrasted situations and characters. The Contrast Between Ariel and Caliban in The Tempest. In our class discussions on The Tempest, most members of our class gendered Ariel as female.Common criticisms of The Tempest, however, refer to Ariel as male while acknowledging the ambiguity of his gender as a product of ambiguity in his form.I find that my views on mapping in this text vary depending on how I choose to interoperate Ariel’s gender. His power is controlled by Prospero who is master to Caliban too. First and foremost, 'The Tempest' was written in the Jacobean period - a period where society was still most strongly patriarchal. Ariel is referred to with male pronouns a few times in the play. New York: Ginn and Co., 1909. Ariel’s character, in the play The Tempest by Shakespeare, is a magical force, a kind of spirit. The ideas of patriarchal and gender power are illustrated extensively in Shakespeare's 'The Tempest' through the relationships portrayed in the play, and the play's symbolic depiction of colonialism.

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