39 Cal. . at 444 U. S. 306-307 (BRENNAN, J., dissenting). Jurisdiction would violate notions of fair play and substantial justice in this situation, but a manufacturer that participates in the stream of commerce should be found to have purposefully engaged in activities in a state if it is aware that its product is being marketed there. Most recently, we have reaffirmed the oft-quoted reasoning of Hanson v. Denckla, 357 U. S. 235, 357 U.S. 253 (1958), that minimum contacts must have a basis in, "some act by which the defendant purposefully avails itself of the privilege of conducting activities within the forum State, thus invoking the benefits and protections of its laws. . Home » Case Briefs Bank » Civil Procedure Case Briefs » Asahi Metal Industry Co v. Superior Court Case Brief. at 49, 702 P.2d at 549. Pp. By Andrew Kurvers Spalding, Published on 09/01/03. Asahi contested California's personal jurisdiction over Asahi, but the California courts found jurisdiction based on Asahi's alleged awareness of the international distribution of its products. The judgment of the Supreme Court of California should be reversed for the reasons stated in Part II-B of the Court's opinion. Applying the principle that minimum contacts must be based on an act of the defendant, the Court in World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson, 444 U. S. 286 (1980), rejected the assertion that a consumer's unilateral act of bringing the defendant's product into the forum State was a sufficient constitutional basis for personal jurisdiction over the defendant. The motorcycle had tires that were made by Cheng Shin, a Taiwanese company, and Cheng Shin used tire valve assemblies that were made by Asahi, a Japanese corporation. The Court in World-Wide Volkswagen thus took great care to distinguish, "between a case involving goods which reach a distant State through a chain of distribution and a case involving goods which reach the same State because a consumer . Sales to Cheng Shin accounted for 1.24 percent of Asahi's income in 1981 and 0.44 percent in 1982. The Court held that the possibility of an accident in Oklahoma, while to some extent foreseeable in light of the inherent mobility of the automobile, was not enough to establish. Accordingly, most courts and commentators have found that jurisdiction premised on the placement of a product into the stream of commerce is consistent with the Due Process Clause, and have not required a showing of additional conduct. denied, 454 U.S. 1085 (1981). . List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 480, List of United States Supreme Court cases, Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume, List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Rehnquist Court, Asahi Metal Industry Co. v. Superior Court, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asahi_Metal_Industry_Co._v._Superior_Court&oldid=908738170, United States personal jurisdiction case law, United States Supreme Court cases of the Rehnquist Court, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. . Because an assertion of jurisdiction would disturb the "traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice," the decision of the California Supreme Court was reversed and the judgment of California Court of Appeal (California's intermediate appellate court) was effectively reinstated. Asahi argued that California courts did not have jurisdiction over it under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Because the facts of this case do not establish minimum contacts such that the exercise of personal jurisdiction is consistent with fair play and substantial justice, the judgment of the Supreme Court of California is reversed, and the case is remanded for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion.

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